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International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
October 21, 2021

Preventing HIV Infection

To see a list of fact sheets in each category, click on the category name.

NOTE: You can see a full list of fact sheet topics on Fact Sheet 1000.


150. Stopping the Spread of HIV
How HIV infection is transmitted and how you can protect yourself and others from HIV infection.
[Reviewed January 9, 2017]

151. Safer Sex Guidelines
How to reduce the risk of HIV infection during sexual activity.
[Reviewed November 30, 2014]

152. How Risky Is It?
A discussion of the risk of transmitting HIV through various types of sexual activity. Factors that increase the risk of transmission.
[Reviewed May 19, 2014]

153. Condoms
Discussion of the use of condoms for HIV prevention, including the female condom and the spermicide nonoxynol-9. Condom myths and realities.
[Reviewed June 13, 2014]

154. Drug Use and HIV
Drug use and transmission of HIV through unsafe sex and shared equipment. Drug interactions and needle exchange.
[Revised April 14, 2017]

155. Harm Reduction and HIV
Harm reduction focuses on improving individual and public health more than on elimination of harmful behaviors. Harm reduction can be applied to reducing HIV-related risks of drug use or of unsafe sexual activity
[Reviewed June 7, 2016]

156. Treatment After Exposure to HIV
Post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) is treatment after exposure to HIV. It is intended to prevent HIV infection. PEP is available for workplace exposure to HIV and is being studied for non-occupational exposures.
[Reviewed May 19, 2014]

157. Microbicides
A discussion of efforts to develop a woman-controlled HIV prevention tool using microbicides.
[Reviewed July 23, 2014]

158. AIDS Myths and Misunderstandings
A discussion of myths, misunderstandings, and realities regarding AIDS transmission, effects, and medications.
[Reviewed April 21, 2014]

159. Preventive HIV Vaccines
Current status of AIDS vaccine research
[Reviewed April 30, 2018]

160. Treatment to Prevent HIV Infection (PrEP)
Pre-exposure prophylaxis
[Reviewed August 28, 2014]

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